It is the right of every citizen to participate in local self-government in matters of local importance, in the management of local budgets stated by the Constitution of Kyrgyz Republic. This is the foundation of democracy. Each of us has the right to influence the quality of life through participation in decision-making process at the local level. Project "Strengthening Voice and Accountability of Citizens’ Participation and Oversight of Budget Processes" in the Kyrgyz Republic help citizens improve their quality of life through participation in addressing local issues. At the same time, project helps local self-government bodies to respont better to citizens' requirements and needs.
Voice and Accountability: Citizens’ Participation and Oversight of Budget Processes in the Kyrgyz Republic Project (www.vap.kg)
Implementing organization: Development Policy Institute, Kyrgyz Republic (www.dpi.kg)
- Inception Phase: November 2011 - March 2012 (funded by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) in cooperation with UK Department for International Development (DFID), Office in the Kyrgyz Republic);
- I Phase: April 2012 - March 2015 (funded by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) in the Kyrgyz Republic);
- II Phase: April 2015 - March 2019 (funded by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) in the Kyrgyz Republic).
- III Phase: September 2020 – March 2022 (funded by the Government of Switzerland) in the Kyrgyz Republic).
- Inception Phase: November 2011 - March 2012: Ivanovka municipality (Chui region), Lenin municipality (Jalal-Abad region) and Tort-Kul municipality (Issyk-Kul region);
- I Phase: April 2012 - March 2015: Bagysh municipality, Kurmanbek municipality, Masy municipality, Sakaldy municipality, Jany-Jol municipality (Aksy), Avletim municipality, 1-May municipality, Ala-Buka municipality, Kok-Tash municipality, Beshik-Jon municipality, Kenesh municipality, Jany-Jol municipality (Toktogul), Torkent municipality, Sumsar municipality, Toguz-Toro municipality, Kok-Irim municipality (Jalal-Abad region); Ak-Chiy municipality, Kara-Jal municipality, Bosteri municipality, Kum-Bel municipality, Jety-Oguz municipality, Lipenka municipality, Aral municipality, Toguz-Bulak municipality, Bolot Mambetov municipality, Ulakhol municipality (Issyk-Kul region);
- II Phase: April 2015 - March 2017: Ak-Bashat municipality, Burana municipality, Kyzyl-Tuu municipality, Kochkorbaev municipality, Boroldoy municipality, Kun-Tuu municipality, City of Kemin, Grozdnyi municipality, Aleksandrovka municipality, Yuryev municipality, Frunze municipality, Tash-Moinok municipality (Chui region); April 2017 - March 2019: Osh and Naryn regions of the Kyrgyz Republic.
- II Phase: April 2017 - March 2019: Ak-Zhar municipality, Zhazy municipality, Shark municipality, Kyzyl-Suu municipality, Kok-Zhar municipality, Gulistan municipality, Mangyt municipality, Bulolu municipality, Chon-Alay municipality, Ylai-Talaa municipality (Osh region); Ak-Tal municipality, Ak-Muz municipality, Kara-Suu municipality, Chaek municipality, Uchkun municipality (Naryn region).
- III Phase: September 2020 – March 2022: the Kyrgyz Republic.
- Public finances are managed by LSGs in a more transparent and effective mode through greatly increased accountability and citizen participation in decision making process.
Main focus areas of VAP for 2015 – 2019
- Community engagement in budgetary process and taking their priorities into account
- Strengthening LSG capacities to respond citizens’ needs
- Strengthening capacities of communities and NGOs to participate in local self-governance
- Grant program as an investment exerciser
- Support to state policy on local self-government development
Key partners of VAP
- Local councils and executive bodies of LSG.
- Local communities, including formal and informal organizations and citizens’ groups.
- State bodies: Jogorku Kenesh (Parliament) of KR, the Government Apparatus of KR, the President Apparatus of KR, State Agency on Local Self-Government and Interethnic Relations under the Government of KR, Ministry of Finance of KR, State Personnel Agency of KR, Ministry of Economy of KR, Chamber of Accounts of KR, other state agencies including local state administrations.
- Civil society organizations, international donor organizations, mass media.
Project’s goals and objectives:
- To strengthen the ability of citizens to participate in the budget process at local level, and to ensure that local governments perform their responsibilities in using funds adequately for public services.
Expected outcomes and directions
Assistance for local communities in strengthening their participation in management of the local services
- Development and introduction of the amendments to the laws and regulations, those promote accountability of LSGs to the communities, particularly in budget and resources management. Introduction of the tangible mechanisms that allow local communities to participate in the budgetary process and address local challenges.
- Support of the projects that facilitate active participation of the communities in addressing local problems (contest for all interested parties on a competitive basis).
- Introduction of the evaluation system for the citizens on the quality of local service delivery.
Strengthening of LSGs capacity in order to correspond with the population needs
- Strengthening communication between LSG bodies and population; supporting events on budgetary information disclosure.
- Improving knowledge of LSG staff on municipal management issues (training).
- Experience sharing between LSG bodies and communities by means of tours within the country, distribution of “The Municipality” magazine.
- Development and introduction of database on local budgets.
- Strengthening of LSG staff skills in management of local budgets including new tools for budget planning.
- Grant program that supports projects on priority issues for the communities (grants are provided on a competitive basis only for LSG bodies).
Assistance in development and introduction of improved state policy on local self-governance (political, administrative and financial decentralization)
- Support of efforts made by Jogorku Kenesh of KR on reforming legislation related to LSG; assistance to the Government of KR in implementation of administrative reform, including introduction of the evaluation system of the equality of LSGs activities.
- In collaboration with the Ministry of Finance and other state bodies work on effective formation of local budgets’ revenues in order to reduce number of subsidized rural municipalities; work on improving of mechanisms for local taxes collection and management.
- In collaboration with the Ministry of Finance work on automatization of local budgets management. Development of database for maintenance of analytical work related to the municipal finance management.
- Assistance to the state’s efforts on concise determination and financing of delegated governmental authorities.
- Introduction of the new system on qualification improvement of the municipal workers including deputies of local councils, that will be implemented on a permanent basis and “attached” to the system of labor payment.
Project's key partners
- Local Councils and Executive Bodies of LSG.
- Local communities, including formal and non-formal organizations and groups of citizens.
- Management Bodies at National Level (Kyrgyz Parliament, Staff of the President of the Kyrgyz Republic, Department of State and Municipal Administration of the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic, other state bodies including local state administrations.
- International donor organizations, Mass Media.
- Information on VAP Project in English
- Information on VAP Project in Kyrgyz
- Information on VAP Project in Russian
Results of the study about the level of the Kyrgyz Republic citizens’ trust in local self-government bodies, satisfaction with the quality of local services, and conditions for citizens' participation in the decision-making